Readers ask: What Are Some Arguments For And Against The Use Of Affirmative Action In Education And Employment?

What is an argument for affirmative action?

Arguments in favor of affirmative action Proponents of affirmative action argue that by nature the system is not only race based, but also class and gender based. To eliminate two of its key components would undermine the purpose of the entire system.

Why do we need affirmative action?

Historically and internationally, support for affirmative action has sought to achieve goals such as bridging inequalities in employment and pay, increasing access to education, promoting diversity, and redressing apparent past wrongs, harms, or hindrances.

Are diversity quotas legal?

In 1978, the Supreme Court ruled in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke that public universities (and other government institutions) could not set specific numerical targets based on race for admissions or employment. The Court said that “goals” and “timetables ” for diversity could be set instead.

What is minority quota?

The Union Government on 22 December 2011 announced the establishment of a sub-quota of 4.5% for religious minorities within the existing 27% reservation for Other Backward Classes. The reasoning given was that Muslim communities that have been granted OBC status are unable to compete with Hindu OBC communities.

Who brought 69% reservation in Tamilnadu?

Chief Minister K. Kamaraj brought the matter to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who helped amend Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution, which enable states to have quota in educational institutions and public service for educationally and socially backward classes.

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When did SC ST reservation start in India?

In 1935, Parliament passed the Government of India Act 1935, designed to give Indian provinces greater self-rule and set up a national federal structure. The reservation of seats for the Depressed Classes was incorporated into the act, which came into force in 1937.

What is meant by general category in caste?

Forward caste (referred as General Class/General Category/Open Category) is a term used in India to denote castes whose members are on average ahead of other Indians economically and socially. The lists of general, Other Backward class and Scheduled Castes, and Scheduled Tribes are compiled irrespective of religion.

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